Three Inside Down Candlestick Pattern

The three inside down bearish reversal Japanese candlestick pattern loses $30.40, $15.80, and $0.40 in the crypto, forex, and stock markets respectively on average per $100 risked.

But what if I told you that you could outsmart other traders by trading this pattern differently and make handsome profits?

Would you be interested?

Keep reading if you want to go against the grain and learn how to trade three inside down candlestick patterns in a data-driven, profitable way.

What Is a Three Inside Down Candlestick Pattern?

Three Inside Down Illustration

The three inside down candle pattern is a three candle bearish reversal pattern that only is valid if it occurs in an uptrend.

The pattern is supposed to indicate the potential weakness of the current uptrend and signal a possible reversal, enabling traders to reduce long positions and enter short before the big drop.

But in practice, the pattern shows indecision with volatility that typically ends up breaking in the direction of the longer-term trend.

Let’s learn how to identify this triple candlestick pattern.

How to Identify Three Inside Down Candlestick Patterns

Three Inside Down Candlestick Pattern Identification

The following are the requirements for a valid three inside down pattern:

  • The first candlestick in this pattern is bullish with a relatively long real body.
  • The second candle must have a relatively small body engulfed by the first candle.
  • The third bearish candle closes lower than the first candle’s opening price.
  • The pattern must occur during an uptrend.

The three inside down candlestick pattern is visible on the Google (GOOG) daily chart on September 17th. 2021. 

The first bullish candle continues in the direction of the current uptrend with a long lower shadow.

The second candle of the pattern can be bullish or bearish, but the previous candle must engulf its real body. In this case, the candle is bearish also with a longer lower wick.

The third candle of the pattern is bearish and closes below the first candle’s low, completing this bearish reversal pattern.

This bearish close might encourage the sellers to enter the market, signaling a potential trend reversal. Unfortunately, these less informed traders are likely to lose money as they don’t know how to trade this pattern profitably.

How to Trade the Three Inside Down Candlestick Pattern

The Three Inside Down Candlestick Pattern should be traded using a bearish mean reversion strategy across all markets, using a 1:1 risk-reward ratio in the forex and stock markets and a 1:3 risk-reward ratio in crypto.

Let’s first look at how to trade this pattern traditionally, and then we’ll cover the optimal bearish reversal mean reversion strategy.

Three Inside Down Bearish Reversal Trade Setup

Three Inside Down Bearish Reversal Trade Setup

The above Apple daily chart on November 18th, 2020, shows the bearish reversal trade setup. 

We see that the close price is above the 50-day simple moving average, which we’re using to determine the uptrend algorithmically. 

The first candle closed in the same direction as the current trend. The second candle is a bearish doji whose real body is engulfed by the first candle. The third candle gaps down and closes bearish, completing the pattern.

With the three inside down signal set, it’s time for an entry.

Traders traditionally trade three inside down candle patterns as bearish reversals by entering a sell position once the price breaks the third candle’s close or low, depending upon if the trader wants to wait for confirmation, with a stop loss above the first candle’s high.

In our Apple example, this break occurs the day after pattern identification. Successful identification of this pattern and the subsequent trade would have resulted in a profitable trade as the price continued to move to the downside.

But this is not typically the case.

Let’s look at the data-driven alternative.

Three Inside Down Bearish Mean Reversion Trade Setup

Three Inside Down Bearish Mean Reversion Trade Setup NFLX

The Netflix (NFLX) daily chart on February 26th, 2021, shows the three inside down once again. 

We’ve got the uptrend, a first bullish candle, a second candle engulfed by the first, and a close of the third candle below the first candle’s open, completing the pattern.

Savvy traders wait for a break of the pattern’s high, which is the high of the first candle in this example, and enter when the price moves above that price on March 2nd, with a stop loss set at one ATR below the low.

Does the Three Inside Down Candlestick Pattern Work? (Backtest Results)

Using the following rules, I backtested the three inside down candlestick pattern on the daily timeframe in the crypto, forex, and stock markets

  • A close above the 50-day SMA constitutes an uptrend.
  • The ATR period is equal to the number of bars in the pattern.
  • Confirmation must occur within three days of the pattern signal.
  • I tested risk-reward ranges from 1 to 5.
  • The optimal risk-reward ratio is selected using profit per bar.

Three Inside Down Bearish Reversal Backtest Results

cryptoforexstock
pattern_namethree inside downthree inside downthree inside down
pattern_categorybearish reversalbearish reversalbearish reversal
pattern_bars333
required_trenduptrenduptrenduptrend
traded_asbearish reversalbearish reversalbearish reversal
stop_bar_typehighhighhigh
entry_bar_typelowlowlow
risk_reward241
timeframe2015-20212010-20212000-2021
bar_perioddailydailydaily
total_tickers39513516949
pattern_tickers664983831
patterns197206038805
trades133147930061
confirm_perc0.680.720.77
wins3124814916
losses102123115145
win_perc0.2330.1680.496
avg_win_bars33.8176.456.49
avg_loss_bars15.4829.467.69
cons_wins3318
cons_losses999
edge-0.304-0.158-0.004
cryptoforexstock
pattern_namethree inside downthree inside downthree inside down
pattern_categorybearish reversalbearish reversalbearish reversal
pattern_bars333
required_trenduptrenduptrenduptrend
traded_asbearish reversalbearish reversalbearish reversal
stop_bar_typehighhighhigh
entry_bar_typeclosecloseclose
risk_reward211
timeframe2015-20212010-20212000-2021
bar_perioddailydailydaily
total_tickers39513516949
pattern_tickers664983831
patterns196210438913
trades188205035140
confirm_perc0.960.970.9
wins54102618611
losses134102416529
win_perc0.2870.50.53
avg_win_bars17.485.694.66
avg_loss_bars9.895.575.82
cons_wins4820
cons_losses7610
edge-0.1360.00.06


Three Inside Down Bullish Continuation Backtest Results

cryptoforexstock
pattern_namethree inside downthree inside downthree inside down
pattern_categorybearish reversalbearish reversalbearish reversal
pattern_bars333
required_trenduptrenduptrenduptrend
traded_asbullish continuationbullish continuationbullish continuation
stop_bar_typelowlowlow
entry_bar_typehighhighhigh
risk_reward555
timeframe2015-20212010-20212000-2021
bar_perioddailydailydaily
total_tickers39513516949
pattern_tickers664983831
patterns201211139221
trades7362218426
confirm_perc0.360.290.47
wins8302062
losses6559216364
win_perc0.110.0480.112
avg_win_bars9.538.7714.16
avg_loss_bars2.143.442.49
cons_wins213
cons_losses3621
edge-0.34-0.71-0.33
cryptoforexstock
pattern_namethree inside downthree inside downthree inside down
pattern_categorybearish reversalbearish reversalbearish reversal
pattern_bars333
required_trenduptrenduptrenduptrend
traded_asbullish continuationbullish continuationbullish continuation
stop_bar_typelowlowlow
entry_bar_typeclosecloseclose
risk_reward545
timeframe2015-20212010-20212000-2021
bar_perioddailydailydaily
total_tickers39513516949
pattern_tickers664983831
patterns202211639541
trades198207936342
confirm_perc0.980.980.92
wins131293613
losses185195032729
win_perc0.0660.0620.099
avg_win_bars3.153.051.73
avg_loss_bars0.460.670.26
cons_wins123
cons_losses91027
edge-0.6-0.692-0.405

Three Inside Down Mean Reversion Backtest Results

cryptoforexstock
pattern_namethree inside downthree inside downthree inside down
pattern_categorybearish reversalbearish reversalbearish reversal
pattern_bars333
required_trenduptrenduptrenduptrend
traded_asbullish mean reversionbullish mean reversionbullish mean reversion
stop_bar_typeatratratr
entry_bar_typepattern_lowpattern_lowpattern_low
risk_reward311
timeframe2015-20212010-20212000-2021
bar_perioddailydailydaily
total_tickers39513516949
pattern_tickers664983831
patterns200212039415
trades405756853
confirm_perc0.20.270.17
wins113143707
losses292613146
win_perc0.2750.5460.541
avg_win_bars20.363.132.68
avg_loss_bars7.213.362.84
cons_wins256
cons_losses436
edge0.1050.0960.081
cryptoforexstock
pattern_namethree inside downthree inside downthree inside down
pattern_categorybearish reversalbearish reversalbearish reversal
pattern_bars333
required_trenduptrenduptrenduptrend
traded_asbearish mean reversionbearish mean reversionbearish mean reversion
stop_bar_typeatratratr
entry_bar_typepattern_highpattern_highpattern_high
risk_reward111
timeframe2015-20212010-20212000-2021
bar_perioddailydailydaily
total_tickers39513516949
pattern_tickers664983831
patterns202212239527
trades321786970
confirm_perc0.160.080.18
wins171323849
losses15463121
win_perc0.5310.7420.552
avg_win_bars0.530.921.56
avg_loss_bars0.61.832.14
cons_wins228
cons_losses125
edge0.0610.4820.102

The Bottom Line

The three inside down candlestick pattern supposedly signals a possible trend reversal, but the data suggests otherwise. Multiple backtests indicate that the three inside down candlestick pattern signals volatility is on the way. Data-driven traders should trade the pattern using a mean reversion system or wait until volatility contracts and trade in the direction of the range break.

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